Nevsehir

General Information

"An outdoor museum in Anatolia…"

Nevşehir is one of Turkey’s most unique tourist havens with its rich tapestry of culture acquired from many centuries of civilization combining history with nature. It is located in Central Anatolia on a very large plateau formed from an accumulation of the ash and lava of ancient and extinct volcanoes such as Erciyes, Melendiz and Ilasan. The region has a mainland climate and continues to attract tourists throughout all of the year...

Transportation

The city of Nevşehir is in the Central Anatolian Region and is located along the main highway zones making it easy to reach from all the other regions. Istanbul – Nevşehir is 729 km. Ankara – Nevşehir is 276 km. Due to this short distance it is popular for weekend breaks. If you’re heading out from Istanbul, it is easily reached from the Eskişehir and Aksaray routes. From Ankara, the city can be reached in around 2 hours going in the Aksaray direction.

History

Knowledge obtained from excavations enables us to believe that the city of Nevşehir dates back as far as 3000 B.C. During the Hittite era, Nevşehir was located on the skirts of the Kahve (coffee) Mountain and was called “NYSSA”. In the Ottoman era a village called Muşkara was built near Nyssa. The Ottoman Grand Vizier, Groom Ibrahim Pasha, hailed from Muşkara and during his years of duty he helped with the progress of Muşkara and its surrounding villages which came to be known as the city of Nevşehir, which literally means ‘New City’. Nevşehir was a town of Niğde until 20 July 1954 when it was made a province.

Highlights

The Ihlara Valley, which stretches all along the Melendiz River, is a 70-80 metres high canyon with widths of up to 40-50 metres in places. The rocks are extremely rough. There are about 100 churches carved into each side of these rocks which never cease to amaze sightseers. Most of these churches were built in the 2nd century making them even more wondrous. Follow the signs in order to travel to the Soğanli Valley from Urgup’s town centre. After 5 kilometres you will reach Mustafapaşa. From Urgup’s centre you will get to Soğanli after about 47 kilomteres. Along the way you can enjoy beautiful, natural scenery stretching for 5 kilometres. The Damsa – Taşkinpaşa area, which is rarely noticed by people, has the attractive geographical features of a well-proportioned plateau… Other pretty places to see are Urgup, Goreme, Uçhisar, Derinkuyu and Ortahisar….

Cuisine

Amongst the many varieties of food to be experienced are wine and syrup made from local grapes, Avanos pot kebab, Acigol’s pumpkin dessert, lemons and grapefruits stored in Ortahisar’s caves and also Ortahisar’s delicious apricots.

Shopping & Gifts

Handicrafts, carpet-making and ceramics are widespread in the region. A tradition in the Soğanli Valley is the making of beautiful ragdolls using special root dyes. Don’t go home without purchasing a handmade ragdoll, which is only made here… You should also try out the fruit from the stalls along the roadside… The region is famous for its apricots, pears and apples. From Urgup and Goreme you can buy ewers, ashtrays, pots and home accessories from the potters.

Outdoor Sports

The Ortahisar and Kale area is ideal for trekking. The Çavuşin Village and Zelve is perfect for picnicking and camping. For swimming excursions you should pay a visit to the Damsa Lake in Uçhisar Goreme. Hot air balloon rides and International air shows are also organized here.

Health

The altitude above sea level of the city centre built on the south cliff of the Kizilirmak Valley is 1.150 metres. The Cappadoccia area’s mainland climate and dry (non-humid) air is particularly good for asthma sufferers. Locally home-brewed wine is of a quality and taste which can easily compete with professionally produced wine.

Neighbours

Kayseri, Kırşehir, Yozgat, Niğde, Aksaray.

Monthly Average Temperatures: (°C)


January: -5 / 1 February: -2 / 6 March: 2 / 12
April: 6 / 18 May: 8 / 21 June: 12 / 28
July: 13 / 28 August: 17 / 33 September: 10 / 24
October: 8 / 19 November: 0 / 10 December: 0 / 8
Special Days

The International Hacibektaş-I Veli Remembrance is held for 3 days every year between 16-18 August. The Christmas ritual and nativity is held at the Zelve Outdoor Museum for 2 days between 5-6 May and Ataturk’s Visit to Hacibektaş is celebrated in Hacibektaş for 2 days between 22-23 December.