Mardin

General Information

"Borne of Stone and Faith… "

Mardin is one of the Southeast region’s poetic cities with rich architectural, ethnographical, archeological, historical and visual wealth giving the impression of a city where time stood still. Mardin’s culture carries traces of civilization which has been established for many centuries and the city boasts important historical and cultural architecture. In recent years Mardin has being attracting attention from all over the world as well as Turkey itself and its history and culture has made it a candidate for the UNESCO “City of World Heritage List”. Visitors flock to the city and, according to official records, 48.852 passport-holding tourists have visited Mardin in 2001 alone.

High Season

Mardin has a harsh, inland climate. The summers are very dry and hot and the winters are cold with much snow. Therefore, you may be inclined to enjoy Mardin during the summer season.
Visitors are enchanted by Mardin’s architecture, social life, rich cultural tapestry and the city itself. Mardin is an ideal cultural sightseeing spot, not only with its city centre, but also its neighbouring areas.
Places to visit are best begun with the best highlights in Mardin’s city centre, houses, medresses, churches and then a wider area including its towns, such as Dara, Midyat and Hasankeyf, particularly the Deyrulzaferan Monastery, should be seen. Mardin is a city of endless sightseeing and just a few of its famed sites include Deyrülzafaran which is the world centre for the Syriac, Dara with its water cisterns and Hasankeyf which is one of the few surviving archeological cities in the world.

Transportation

The railroad leading into the county from Şanlıurfa-Ceylanpınar travels on to Syria and Iraq by following the track along the border. Also, this road, which passes through the village of Şenyurt, connects to Mardin with a 30 km line. However, if you would prefer flying, there are flights to Mardin, changing at Ankara, five days a week. If you wish to travel by land, take into account a coach trip lasting about 18-20 hours. Istanbul – Mardin is 1449 km. To drive to Mardin yourself take the E-90 highway connecting Mardin to Adana, via Şanliurfa and Gaziantep.

History

Archeological excavations in the area show that Mardin has been a site of ancient settlements since 4500 B.C. It is practically an outdoor museum with its blend of structures dating back to eras such as the Subaru, Hurrian, Sumer, Akkad, Mitanni, Hittite, Assyrian, Urartian, Babylonian, Persian, Makkadonian, Abgar, Roman, Byzantium, Arab, Seljuk, Artucian and Ottoman. With a history traced back to 4500 B.C. Mardin is also significant for its position on the Silky Way route.
The name Mardin has been used in different forms over the centuries such as Marde by the Persians, Mardia by the Byzantine, Mardin by the Arabs, and Marde, Merdo and Merdi by the Syriac. Merde or Merdo means fortress (es) in Syriac. According to some scholars the word mede comes from the Merde clan who settled in the area

Highlights

Mardin is a museum city in the true sense. The city is built upon a fortress and consists of two parts, the old and the new. In the late 1960’s the whole city of Mardin was declared a historical preservation area and any new construction within the city was prohibited. Walking through Mardin from end to end will take you 15-20 minutes. Only one street exists and that is used one-way by vehicles. In Mardin you will feel back in the 16th century and it is a place so hard to describe that you can only experience it…..

Cuisine

Mardin is very famous for its particular variety of food as well as its architectural appearance. Enjoy the delicious range of dishes, mainly meat, in historical surroundings…
Do not leave Mardin without tasting Rida’s kebabs… this advice may not hold much meaning until you actually eat them. Kebab Rida is located on Mardin’s main street, so don’t pass up the chance for a feast when you see their sign. The restaurant has been run by the same proprietor for 40 years. You can sample Mardin’s original dishes, such as ribs, stuffed tripe, stuffed meatballs and meat bread, at Republic Square with a view of the Mesopotamian plateau.

Shopping & Gifts

You can buy Mardin's famous silver filigree crafts. There are also kilim carpets and small pieces of handicrafts (e.g. handmade laces, prayer beads) to choose from.

Health

Germ-i Ab Spa
Location: Mardin
The region is not well-endowed with Spas and Springs. The Germ-i ab Spa is located near the county of Midyat’s Gerburan village, by the Dicle River. The water is heated naturally inside a cave. Bathing takes place in a pool within the cave. It is a sulfurous spring and, when taken internally, has a purging effect. It is also known to be good for liver, gall bladder canal, intestinal problems and dermatological diseases. The name Germ-i Ab means ‘hot water’. The temperature of the water is 40°C.
There are many Health Clinics and pharmacies in the area.

Neighbours

Batman, Diyarbakır, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak.

Monthly Average Temperatures: (°C)


January: 0 / 5 February: 2 / 8 March: 6 / 14
April: 11 / 19 May: 15 / 26 June: 23 / 33
July: 24 / 34 August: 27 / 38 September: 20 / 31
October: 14 / 23 November: 5 / 12 December: